The Mexican government should use its economic purchasing empowerment in the billions of trade agreements in the U.S., especially the $3.05B importing of trade goods from the State of Wisconsin to stop the Republican anti-sanctuary movement targeting Mexican nationals.
By H. Nelson Goodson
Hispanic News Network U.S.A.
June 29, 2017
Madison, WI – The Republican controlled legislature will become the epic center of a struggle by immigrant families and allies by using their economic empowerment to influence the government of Mexico to break away from their $3.05B trade goods agreement with Wisconsin, if Wisconsin state Republican legislators continue to support two legislative bills AB190/SB275, which are known as the anti-sanctuary bills targeting Mexican nationals. The Wisconsin anti-sanctuary bills are similar to the Texas SB 4, that allows local law enforcement officials to enforce federal immigration laws and to comply with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detainer requests, which have been ruled non-legal binding by a federal court.
Immigrant rights organizations, Mexican nationals residing in Wisconsin and religious groups including immigrant rights activists should initiate a local, statewide and national campaign to call on the Mexican government and its officials at all Mexican Consulates to use the country’s purchasing empowerment to influence a halt of the anti-sanctuary movement by anti-immigrant Republicans and Trump’s administration.
Here are some brief statistics to show the purchasing economic empowerment Mexico has and should use it to benefit their Mexican nationals in the U.S. if states don’t respect and welcome Mexican nationals, then Mexico should not be in trade agreements with states that are not immigrant friendly.
The Wisconsin Department of Revenue Division of Research and Policy in 2011 report indicated that in 2010, exports to Mexico totaled $2.0 billion, “…Mexico is the second largest destination, importing 10.2% of the total ($2.0 billion)…” which in 2016, according to the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation (WEDC), Mexico imported $3.0 billion in trade goods, U.S. News reported.
The Wiscosin Department of Agriculture, Trade, Consumer and Protection reported that “Mexico is Wisconsin’s second most valuable agricultural export market, importing more than $360 million in products in 2016, including $61 million in dairy products such as cheese, milk, whey and butter, and eggs and honey.”
The U.S. Census Foreign Trade, the U.S. International Trade Data, State Exports from Wisconsin reported that Wisconsin exported $3.05B in trade goods to Mexico for the period 2015-2016.
The Office of the United States Trade Representative released the following statistics.
U.S.-Mexico Trade Facts
U.S. goods and services trade with Mexico totaled an estimated $579.7 billion in 2016. Exports were $262.0 billion; imports were $317.6 billion. The U.S. goods and services trade deficit with Mexico was $55.6 billion in 2016.
Mexico is currently our 3rd largest goods trading partner with $525.1 billion in total (two way) goods trade during 2016. Goods exports totaled $231.0 billion; goods imports totaled $294.2 billion. The U.S. goods trade deficit with Mexico was $63.2 billion in 2016.
Trade in services with Mexico (exports and imports) totaled an estimated $54.5 billion in 2016. Services exports were $31.1 billion; services imports were $23.5 billion. The U.S. services trade surplus with Mexico was $7.6 billion in 2016.
According to the Department of Commerce, U.S. exports of Goods and Services to Mexico supported an estimated 1.2 million jobs in 2015 (latest data available) (968 thousand supported by goods exports and 201 thousand supported by services exports).
• Mexico was the United States’ 2nd largest goods export market in 2016.
• U.S. goods exports to Mexico in 2016 were $231.0 billion, down 2.0% ($4.8 billion) from 2015 but up 72.7% from 2006. U.S. exports to Mexico are up 455% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). U.S. exports to Mexico account for 15.9% of overall U.S. exports in 2015.
• The top export categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: machinery ($42 billion), electrical machinery ($41 billion), vehicles ($21 billion), mineral fuels ($20 billion), and plastics ($16 billion).
• U.S. total exports of agricultural products to Mexico totaled $18 billion in 2016, our 3rd largest agricultural export market. Leading domestic export categories include: corn ($2.6 billion), soybeans ($1.5 billion), pork & pork products ($1.4 billion), dairy products ($1.2 billion), and beef & beef products ($975 million).
• U.S. exports of services to Mexico were an estimated $31.1 billion in 2016, 1.4% ($441 million) less than 2015, but 30.5% greater than 2006 levels. It was up roughly 199% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). Leading services exports from the U.S. to Mexico, in 2015, were in the travel, transport, and intellectual property (computer software, industrial processes) sectors.
• Mexico was the United States’ 2nd largest supplier of goods imports in 2016.
• U.S. goods imports from Mexico totaled $294.2 billion in 2016, down 0.8% ($2.3 billion) from 2015, but up 48.4% from 2006. U.S. imports from Mexico are up 637% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). U.S. imports from Mexico account for 13.4% of overall U.S. imports in 2015.
• The top import categories (2-digit HS) in 2016 were: vehicles ($75 billion), electrical machinery ($62 billion), machinery ($51 billion), optical and medical instruments ($13 billion), and furniture and bedding ($11 billion).
• U.S. total imports of agricultural products from Mexico totaled $23 billion in 2016, our 1st largest supplier of agricultural imports. Leading categories include: fresh vegetables ($5.6 billion), other fresh fruit ($4.9 billion), wine and beer ($3.1 billion), snack foods ($2.0 billion), and processed fruit & vegetables ($1.5 billion).
• U.S. imports of services from Mexico were an estimated $23.5 billion in 2016, 7.0% ($1.5 billion) more than 2015, and 57.9% greater than 2006 levels. It was up roughly 216% from 1993 (pre-NAFTA). Leading services imports from Mexico to the U.S., in 2015, were in the travel, transport, and technical and other services sectors.
• The U.S. goods trade deficit with Mexico was $63.2 billion in 2016, a 4.2% increase ($2.5 billion) over 2015.
• The United States has a services trade surplus of an estimated $7.6 billion with Mexico in 2016, down 20.7% from 2015.
• U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) in Mexico (stock) was $92.8 billion in 2015 (latest data available), a 3.5% increase from 2014. U.S. direct investment in Mexico is led by manufacturing, nonbank holding companies, and mining.
• Mexico’s FDI in the United States (stock) was $16.6 billion in 2015 (latest data available), up 0.2% from 2014. Mexico’s direct investment in the U.S. is led by manufacturing, wholesale trade, and depository institutions.
• Sales of services in Mexico by majority U.S.-owned affiliates were $45.9 billion in 2014 (latest data available), while sales of services in the United States by majority Mexico-owned firms were $8.5 billion.