Mexican authorities and U.S. study indicate a major drop of illegal crossings into the country.
By H. Nelson Goodson
July 11, 2011
Mexico City, Mexico – On Monday, René Zenteno Quintero, Assistant Secretary of Mexico’s Population, Migration and Religious Affairs during a World Day Population press conference said that illegal migration into the U.S. has dropped. In 2005, about 500,000 Mexican nationals made their way into the U.S. illegally and within the last two years between 100,000 to 200,000 continued unauthorized crossings into the U.S., according to Zenteno Quintero. He cited statistics from both the U.S. Census and Mexico’s Population Census (MPC). Some of the few factors that kept nationals in Mexico, was a growing middle class, families doing better economically and educational opportunities, anti-immigrant laws and border security in the U.S. Arizona, Alabama, Texas, Georgia and South Carolina adopted state immigration enforcement laws.
Feuds between drug cartels to control border routes into the U.S., border violence, high costs to be smuggled into the U.S. from Mexico was another indicator for less unauthorized border crossings.
MPC showed that women in Mexico are having less than three children per family. The drop in Mexico’s young population indicates, there will be less job seekers in the future making it possible for people to find jobs.
In a combine study by the Mexican Migration Project (MMP) at Princeton University and the University of Guadalajara in Mexico also indicated that unauthorized immigrants crossing into the U.S. reached half a million per year between 2000 to 2004 and dropped less than 100,000 a year ago.
In a recent U.S. Census report, Hispanics make 16.3% or 50 million of the U.S. population, a 43% growth since 2000 and 12 million of Hispanics make up the voting age population. U.S. Hispanics will reach 1.3 trillion of spending economic power by 2012 and 1.7 trillion by 2013.
Undocument immigrants living in the U.S. have faced anti-immigrant bills like Arizona’s SB 1070. The bill authorizes law enforcement officers to question the legal status of suspects stopped for minor traffic infractions, local ordinance violations and domestic cases. Despite anti-immigrant bills and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) enhanced deportations, most undocumented immigrants have remained in the U.S. or have moved to more immigrant friendly states.
Between 2004-2007, immigrants who remained in the U.S. began to purchase their own homes and using ITIN numbers to get mortage loans at higher interest rates. Once federal strict guidelines were adopted by the U.S. Congress in 2007 preventing undocumented homebuyers from using ITIN numbers to qualify for federal housing loans, and most banks adopted a similar policy the homebuying market collapsed nationally. The collapsed of the home mortage market strongly showed the economic contribution to the U.S. economy by undocumented immigrants.
Recently, U.S. ICE deportations have increased under President Barack H. Obama. More than 1,000 of undocumented immigrants are being deported per day (387,790 per year) under Obama’s administration (400,000 families with U.S. citizen members are being destroyed by deportations according to the Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights), compared to almost 650 daily deportations (240,000 per year) under former President George W. Bush. (Source: La Jornada Morelos, 3/9/2010)
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security reported that 10.8 million of undocumented immigrants in the U.S., 62% are Mexican nationals. In 2008, more than 12 million of undocumented immigrants resided in the U.S. An estimated more than 4 million U.S. born children have at least one or both parents who are undocumented.
ICE recently reported that about 400 thousand undocumented immigrants are deported every year from the U.S. and with the Secure Communities Program (SCP) implemented by ICE, the deportations could rise to 800,000 per year. The program under agreement with states are suppose to target criminal undocument immigrants, but only several hundred thousand have been detained and deported in two years. The rest of the deportations were at least 600,000 non-criminal illegal immigrants who were deported under Secure Communities within several years, according to ICE.
The National Institute of Migration in Mexico reported 66,704 Mexican nationals were deported from the U.S. between January and February 2011, 63,970 were over 18 and 2,734 were minors. ICE deported, 30,844 in January and 35,860 in February, of the adults, 57,908 were men and 6,062 were women. (Source Notimex)
In early December, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) report indicated that the approval of the DREAM Act would help cut the federal deficit by $1.4 billion, and generate $2.3 billion in corporate and social insurance taxes within the next ten years. http://bit.ly/fk6B3N
Last year, the DREAM Act was killed in the U.S. Senate because it failed to get the needed 60 votes to prevent a filibuster inorder for the bill to proceed for a Senate vote.
Today, U.S. House Republicans are trying to implement E-Vertify System for employers to use the federal system to vertify the legal status of all employees. The system has flaws, according to Obama, who wants it fixed first before it’s used.
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